MSME (Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises) refers to any business with a revenue of less than 74,87,94,00,000 INR. Analysts believe that they are the foundation of any nation’s economy. These assist the market in ensuring a fair distribution of wealth. As a result, the Government of India provides several subsidies, incentives, and other benefits to MSMEs. This is accomplished through the MSMED (Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprise Development) Act. To take advantage of these perks, a company must first register with it.
What is MSME?
MSME stands for micro, small, and medium enterprises, and any business that falls into one of these three categories is classified as an MSME. They form the foundation of any economy and serve as engines of economic progress, supporting equitable development for all. As a result, the Indian government gives numerous subsidies, programs, and incentives through the MSMED Act to support and promote MSMEs. To receive advantages from the central or state governments, as well as the banking sector, registration under the MSMED Act is required. This type of registration is known as an MSME registration.
Under the MSMED Act, micro, small, and medium-sized firms (MSME) in both the manufacturing and service sectors can receive MSME Registration. Though MSME registration is not mandatory, it is advantageous for businesses since it gives a variety of benefits such as eligibility for lower credit rates, excise exemption schemes, tax breaks, electricity tariff breaks, capital investment breaks, and other assistance. Chhota CFO can assist your company with obtaining MSME Registration in order to take advantage of a variety of perks.
Benefits of registration
The state governments and union territories have also put together their own package of MSMEs-friendly facilities and incentives. The state government provides MSMEs with incentives such as the creation of specialized industrial estates, tax breaks, electricity tariff breaks, capital investment breaks, and other assistance.
Both the federal government and the state, whether by statute or otherwise, focus their incentives and assistance packages to entities that have registered with them. Banking laws, excise laws, and direct tax laws have all included the term “MSME” in their exemption announcements. As a result, the registration certificate issued by the registering authority is regarded as proof of MSME status and is required to avail of MSMEs’ benefits. Some of these are discussed more below:
Loan interest rates are being reduced.
Banks offer collateral-free loans.
Reservation policies that benefit the manufacturing/production sector
The ease with which permits, registrations, and approvals can be obtained.
CLCSS Eligibility (credit linked capital subsidy scheme)
Special consideration for international trade shows
Waiver of the government’s security deposit (helpful while participating in tenders)
Electricity bill reduction
Waiver of stamp duty and registration fees
ISO certification payments are refunded.
The exemption is governed by direct tax laws.
Exemption from interest rates on OD
Subsidization of NSIC performance and credit rating fees
Subsidy for patent registration
Subsidy for barcode registration
Eligibility for IPS subsidies
Classification of MSME
The Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) were classed purely on the basis of their investment under the MSME Act-2006. However, in 2020, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman extended this term and proposed a composite criterion. The term “turnover” was also included in the definition. The most recent classification of MSMEs is provided below.
Micro enterprises will be defined as those with an investment of less than Rs. 1 crore and a turnover of less than Rs. 5 crore.
Small enterprises will be defined as those with an investment of less than Rs. 10 crore and a sales of less than Rs. 50 crore.
Small enterprises will be defined as those with an investment of less than Rs. 20 crore and a turnover of less than Rs. 100 crore.
The documents necessary for registration vary depending on the type of entity wishing to apply for the MSME certificate. In general, documentation such as business address proof, sales and purchase bills are necessary.
- Address proof
A property tax receipt, lease deed, allotment letter, or possession letter will be required if the proprietor owns the premise. If the proprietor or the business, or any of the partners or directors of the business, has a municipal licence, no extra documents are required.
In the event of a rented property, the landlord must provide a NOC (no objection certificate) and a rent receipt. In addition, an electricity or water bill (indicating utility usage and property ownership) must be presented.
- Documents of Company
If the entity is a corporation, a copy of the ‘MoA’ (Memorandum of Association) and ‘AoA’ (Articles of Association) must be submitted along with the certificate of formation. A copy of the general meeting resolution authorising one of the directors to sign is also required.
In the case of partnership firms, the partnership deed must be submitted, as well as a copy of the registration certificate if it is a registered partnership firm.
- Bills and licence
Aside from the obligatory documents stated above, there are additional documents that must be submitted on demand, such as purchase bills and receipts linked to the installation of the plant and machinery. A copy of the proprietor’s industrial certificate, if appropriate, must also be presented.
MSME registration is not required by law. The MSME registration process in India, on the other hand, has been designed to deliver optimum benefits to all types of businesses. After registration, any business is eligible to receive the benefits provided by the MSMED Act. Some of the benefits provided by the Central Government include easier bank loan approval (priority sector financing), lower interest rates, an excise exemption plan, exemption from some tax taws, and statutory support.